©Copyright 2005-2020 BMC Software, Inc. The Zachman Framework goes beyond IT. Enterprise Architecture is becoming an important discipline, as organizations need to understand the fundamental aspects of their business in order to keep pace with the global market in a continually evolving world. Regardless of any type of operating model, utilizing enterprise-architecture methodologies has been proven effect positive changes in any enterprise’s bottom line. Companies will move away from buying and managing physical servers on site. The objectives of the framework are to: NAF 4.0 defines Viewpoints, Views and Architecture Descriptions. TOGAF is often viewed as more an overarching process. All major DoD weapons and information technology system procurements are required to document their enterprise architectures using the view products prescribed by the DoDAF. Anschließend werden über dreißig dieser EAF im Detail beschrieben. Es werden über fünfzig Frameworks für das IT-Management kurz im jeweiligen Nutzen vorgestellt. Wikipedia offers the following list according to category. This model is called the MODAF. The Open Group Architectural Framework (TOGAF) was first developed in 1995 created and owned by The Open Group, which was based on the Department of Defense’s Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management. All examples are created with EdrawMax - enterprise architecture diagram software. EA frameworks help businesses execute and sustain digital transformation since they are primarily responsible for presenting IT leaders with newer legacy applications to beat relevant business disruptions. Some focus on modeling existing architecture, while others focus on finding solutions to business problems. Physical and cloud servers, applications, and enterprise software all must communicate and share data seamlessly in order to provide the customer a successful and satisfactory user experience. BMC was among the select companies that Forrester invited to participate in its Q4 2019 Forrester Wave Evaluation, Enterprise Service Management. From core to cloud to edge, BMC delivers the software and services that enable nearly 10,000 global customers, including 84% of the Forbes Global 100, to thrive in their ongoing evolution to an Autonomous Digital Enterprise. @2020 by Visual Paradigm. Dirk Matthes wendet sich mit seinem Enterprise Architecture Frameworks -Überblicks-Buch gezielt an CIOs und IT-Manager, die einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Fakten der verschiedenen, verfügbaren Enterprise Architecture Frameworks (EAF) benötigen. This holistic approach must include strategy, enterprise architecture, and even project delivery to ensure success. An enterprise architecture (EA) is a conceptual blueprint for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. It brings more discipline to the organization by standardizing and consolidating processes to ensure better consistency. The columns of the framework consist of a set of artifacts that are a description of the enterprise from a specific viewpoint of a group of stakeholders. Je nach Framework liegt der Schwerpunkt auf der Strukturierung (durch Beschreibung eines Architektur-Referenzmodells) oder Entwicklung (durch Anführung eines … It details a two-dimensional classification scheme for the standardized architecture viewpoints, this serves as the baseline for any NAF-Compliant architecture effort. The aim of the NATO Architecture Framework Version 4 (NAFv4) is to provide a standard for developing and describing architectures for both military and business use. The process should convert intangible business strategy to practical, real solutions that can be measured and achieved. It has a common vocabulary to use, recommended standards and compliance methods, suggested software and tools, and even a method to define best practices. Sie stellen eine Grundlage dar, aus der sich eine konkrete Unternehmensarchitektur ableiten lässt. By visiting our website, you agree to the use of cookies as described in our Cookie Policy. Government was following the industry trend of defining architectural frameworks to guide in the development of large, complex systems development. TOGAF contains all the needed pieces for a powerful framework. The earliest rudiments of the step-wise planning methodology currently advocated by TOGAF and other EA frameworks can be traced back to the article of Marshall K. Evans and Lou R. Hague titled "Master Plan for Information Systems" published in 1962 in Harvard Business Review. Enterprise Architecture frameworks organize architecture into different “views” that make sense to different stakeholders. In many cases, IT governance frameworks like ITIL or COBIT can help to inform the overall enterprise framework strategy. Describes the relationships between operational and capability requirements and the various projects being implemented. To align with ISO Standards, where appropriate, the terminology has changed from Views to Viewpoint (e.g., the Operational View is now the Operational Viewpoint). Other benefits include improved agility within the business. The segment model at its core allows a distinction of any number of organizations and connections. Perhaps unsurprisingly, a good enterprise architect isn’t someone who simply follows a framework. The NAF is designed to ensure that architectures developed adhering to it can be understood, compared, justified and related across many organizations, including NATO and other National Defence initiatives. The Project Viewpoint also details dependencies among capability and operational requirements, system engineering processes, systems design, and services design within the Defense Acquisition System process. To aid architects, these viewpoints are organized into a logical and consistent manner and presented as a “grid”. An Enterprise Architecture framework addresses the concerns of all operating models, in the same way that the federated model attempts to reconcile the best features of the strong centralized operating model and the weak centralized operating model. The EA discipline views an organization as having complex and intertwined systems. The rows of Zachman Framework focus on describing the enterprise from six viewpoint perspectives of the stakeholders. Then, these designs are translated into solutions that achieve business strategy. Today, four dominate the field: the Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architectures, The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA), and Gartner (formerly, the Meta Framework). It depends. Some enterprises look to adopt service-oriented architecture (SOA) or microservices architecture (MSA) (often a key component of establishing a digital transformation) which has an impact on both IT and business processes. Each view offers a different perspective on the business to support different stakeholder interests. Please let us know by emailing blogs@bmc.com. The Ministry of Defense Architecture Framework (MODAF) is an internationally recognized enterprise architecture framework developed by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) to support defense planning and change management activities. Enterprises can choose from a seemingly endless number of frameworks to address their architecture, and that’s without looking into history to uncover countless more options. UPDM is the Unified Profile for DoDAF / MODAF /NAF 3.0. An Enterprise Architecture Framework (EAF) sets a practical guidance for analyzing, understanding and applying technical descriptions of an architecture in a certain business area. Whereas a framework has the potential to muddy the waters, a skilled enterprise architect – the person responsible for this holistic vision come to life – may be exactly what a company needs. An Enterprise Architecture framework (EA framework) provides a collection of best practices, standards, tools, processes, and templates to assist in the creation of the Enterprise Architecture and architectures of various scopes. It has been realized by the OMG (Object Management Group) to provide modeling support conforming to the USA Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) and the UK Ministry of Defence Architecture Framework (MODAF). This ‘grid’ structure, represents the various ‘subjects of concern’ (rows) and ‘aspects of concern’ (columns), as shown below: The Unified Architecture Framework® (UAF®) is based on the Unified Profile for DoDAF and MODAF™ (UPDM™). This can highlight what’s working and what isn’t, allowing the company to pivot in areas that actually need it. In certain comparisons, EAFs are very similar and repetitive, and others have little in common beyond the name of enterprise architecture framework. Anschließend beschreibt Matthes über dreißig am Markt verfügbare Frameworks detailliert – darunter das TOGAF. Stephen Watts (Birmingham, AL) has worked at the intersection of IT and marketing for BMC Software since 2012. Simply stated, enterprise architecture framework (EAF) refers to any framework, process, or methodology which informs how to create and use an enterprise architecture.So, what is enterprise architecture?At a high level, enterprise architecture offers a comprehensive approach and holistic view of IT throughout an enterprise. While these frameworks are often rigid and structured, which might not align with constant change inherent in 21st century business and technology, using the frameworks as guidelines instead of as gospel may prove beneficial – after all, companies still need a structured approach to infrastructure. Architecture Frameworks. Learn more about BMC ›. Therefore, several frameworks exist to help companies effectively implement and track EAP.According to CompTIA, these are the four leading Enterprise Architect Planning (EAP) methodologies: 1. At a high level, enterprise architecture offers a comprehensive approach and holistic view of IT throughout an enterprise. Data and Information Viewpoint (DIV) – New in DoDAF V2.0. MODAF provides a coherent set of rules and templates, known as ‘views’, that, when populated, provide a graphical and textual visualization of the business area being investigated. The FEA combines the best of both the Zachman Framework and TOGAF. Companies will move towards cloud deployment and high-end solutions, which means there will be a whole new world of various vendor architectures to navigate. The year 2007 marks the 20-year anniversary of enterprise architecture. The Open Group Architectural Framework (TOGAF): TOGAF provides principles for designing, planning, implementing and governing enterprise IT … Since 1999, the DoD hasn’t used the TAFIM, and it’s been eliminated from all process documentation. A number of enterprise architecture frameworks already exist and are widely recognized, each of which has its particular advantages and disadvantages - and relevance - for enterprise architecture. A successful enterprise architect is able to understand all the moving parts and relationships within a business, not only within the IT sector of an enterprise. It helps bring enterprise design tasks into focus and produces valuable architecture documentat… They are discussed in Part IV: Resource Base, Other Architectures and Frameworks. These may be the best candidates for enterprise architecture. An enterprise architecture framework (EA framework) defines how to create and use an enterprise architecture, which provides principles and practices for creating and using the architecture description of a system. In TOGAF, the ADM defines the method including the process, steps, and guidelines for developing the artifacts and deliverables for each of the development phases. The objective of DoDAF is to concretely define models and concepts that are usable in the DoD’s core processes: Version 2.0 of the DoDAF had the following specific goals: In DoDAF V2.0, architectural viewpoints are composed of data that has been organized to facilitate understanding. Each enterprise architecture involves governing principles that drive an ongoing discussion about business strategy and how it can be expressed through IT. Project Viewpoint (PV) – New in DoDAF V2.0. ). Those intended for wider government use, including the FDIC Enterprise Architecture Framework, the Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF), and the NIST Enterprise Architecture Model. Hard skills that a good enterprise architect can make use of include knowledge of network administration, traditional systems admin, and even cloud admin; systems thinking and project management; IT governance; and hardware and software knowledge. The DoDAF provides a foundational framework for developing and representing architecture descriptions that ensure a common denominator for understanding, comparing, and integrating architectures across organizational, joint, and multinational boundaries. Those developed and released as open source. The US Federal Government developed it in 2006. Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a discipline that manages conflicting approaches to success within large-scale organizations. Enterprise architecture frameworks are valuable for planning and visualization. After all, frameworks are static pieces of guidance for businesses and technologies are constantly shifting. Across the many frameworks that serve to achieve an enterprise architecture, the goal of the comprehensive approach is always to successfully execute strategy with efficiency, efficacy, security, durability, and agility. Still, maintaining the documentation is often too cumbersome and time consuming. The answers to these questions will differ, depending on the perspective or audience (represented in the rows). They are especially helpful at the early stages of architectural change to lead the conversation with stakeholders and visualize the outcomes of business and IT alignment. (Sessions 2007) An Enterprise Architecture framework … In that time, a number of enterprise-architectural methodologies have come and gone. The types of enterprise architecture frameworks are often categorized by who created and released them. ; rather, it is an ontology whereby a schema for organizing architectural artifacts (in other words, design documents, specifications, and models) is used to take into account both who the artifact targets (for example, business owner and builder) and what particular issue (for example, data and functionality) is being addressed. Enterprises often employ an enterprise architect whose responsibility includes the overall alignment of IT and business needs to achieve business strategy. What is documented, companies find, could be poor in quality and detail, or too quickly outdated to be useful. … Smartphones have revolutionized the way the public accesses software – simply go into the app store, click, download, and begin using. As some experts point out, EAFs can vary from processes or full-blown methodologies to more flexible practices. This page offers you 7 enterprise architecture diagram examples that you can take a look for a better understanding of enterprise architecture framework. There is little success for plug-and-play options in a large enterprise architecture, but will this need to change? The architecture should also incorporate 21st century practices of business process management and data analytics. Ensure a common approach for understanding, comparing, and integrating architectures, Act as a key enabler for acquiring and fielding cost-effective and interoperable capabilities, Align with architecture references produced by international standard bodies, produce standard DoDAF / MODAF / NAF products as well as commercial extensions, leverage cross-industry, standards-based approaches (e.g., MDA, UML, SysML) to enhance tool and architecture data interoperability, MDA foundation enables UAF to evolve with DoDAF v2 and beyond (i.e. A researcher of 20th– and 21st-century technology, Svyatoslav Kotusev says that we can look at the history of EAFs in three smaller eras: Despite the differences in approaches that these eras indicate, all frameworks are generally based on the original BSP methodology, often advocating similar steps or phases for planning and implementing enterprise IT. As most employees are so focused on the implementation of a single tool or application, they might not see the benefit of a holistic approach that enterprise architecture can provide. Importantly, the outcome of an enterprise architecture isn’t simply organization. ASSIMPLER Framework – an architecture framework based on Mandar … The Oracle Enterprise Architecture framework (OEA framework) and their Components for better understand. An enterprise is a business, company, firm, or group of any size that provides consumers with goods and/or services. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF): The Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework was developed and published by the US Federal Chief Information Officers (CIO) Council [5]. Zunächst wird der Nutzen jedes einzelnen Frameworks kurz und prägnant dargestellt. Enterprise architecture (EA) tools are software applications designed to support enterprise architects and other business and IT stakeholders with strategically driven planning, analysis, design and execution. UAF supports current DoDAF/MODAF/NAF requirements and can evolve to meet future needs: We use cookies to offer you a better experience. These industry-standard enterprise Architecture Frameworks include three different types of frameworks: The EA Template Framework is any specific method or process for collecting, managing or using the information that it describes. FEA was the foundation for a massive restructuring of a high-end government. A holistic framework to enterprise architecture may be the answer. Effective management of such complexity and scale requires tools and approaches that architects can use. You can find more examples and use them to build your own ones. UAF provides a set of rules to enable users to create consistent enterprise architectures (as models) based on generic enterprise and system concepts with rich semantics. It is one of the most common framework structures in business today and accounts for over 80 percent of the entire business framework structure. The framework enables complex subjects to be distilled into systematic categories in the column headers, using these six basic questions (known as 5WH). At its most helpful, an enterprise architecture framework makes sense of the complexities of achieving business strategy via IT strategy, technology, and business needs across all silos of the company. Der Autor behandelt über fünfzig Enterprise Architecture Frameworks (EAF), darunter das Zachman EAF, TOGAF, FEAF, DoDAF und das ARIS-Konzept. Enterprise Architecture Frameworks play dual roles: Framework für Unternehmensarchitektur haben zwei Hauptaufgaben: 1. sie dienen als Instrumente der Dokumentation und Komponentenspezi!kation 2. sie erleichtern die Unternehmensplanung und das Lösen von Problemen Elemente/ Bausteine Quelle: Shah, Kurdi 2007, S. 37 EA Frameworks beschreiben eine Methode, um Informationssysteme zu designen. What works best for one company might not work at all for another – and that’s to be expected. Ultimately, successful enterprise architecture leads to better planning and change management – budgets are set, system interoperability is double-checked, and various employee roles can see into the system, offering a common vocabulary that can improve and enhance communication across business needs. These six perspectives are based on English language interrogatives ‘what’, ‘where’, ‘who’, ‘when’, ‘why’, and ‘how’ (known as W5H). They cover business, service, components, technical, and data. Springer Science+Business Media, ISBN 978-3-642-1295… Many enterprise architecture frameworks are available, each with different strengths and weaknesses. When performed at its best, an enterprise architecture translates the vague and intangible business strategy to practical, concrete plans and actions. The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), the DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF), the variants (MODAF and NAF), and. Increase utility and effectiveness of architectures via a rigorous data model – the DoDAF Meta Model (DM2) — so the architectures can be integrated, analyzed, and evaluated with more precision. It provides tools and approaches that help enterprise architects to optimize different architecture domains across the enterprise the often fragmented … When plans were achieved, they were heavy and dense, very abstract, and difficult to understand, which means they were difficult to implement across the entire organization. Ein EA-Framework umfasst den Bezug sogenannter Architekturbausteine zur Organisation und dem Geschäftsmodell sowie klare und verständliche Definitionen dieser Bausteine, ein eindeutiges System zu Klassifizierung und Katalogisierung sowie Methoden und Handlungsanleitungen. The blueprint that accompanies enterprise architecture allows the company to understand how all the business IT pieces fit together, which can result in better systems maintenance and support as well as IT management. The stakeholders are generally grouped as planners, owners, designers (architects), implementers, sub-constructors, users, or sometimes represented as viewpoints: scope context, business concepts, system logic, technology, physics, component assemblies, and operations classes. Enterprise Architecture Frameworks. Capability Viewpoint (CV) – New in DoDAF V2.0. In modern enterprise architecture, frameworks serve a variety of purposes: They provide a set of assets and templates which allow architects to get started quickly They can be used to set best-practice and standards for governance They can be helpful for collaboration and communication between architects An EA content framework defines the artifacts that EA should produce. Content Framework, i.e. The purpose of enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can most effectively achieve the current and future objectives of its business goals. There are a number of popular enterprise architecture frameworks available: ArchiMate– An open Group Architecture Framework – a widely used framework that includes a notation for visualizing architecture. 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