[13] The prevalence of federated authentication in which one has to use Facebook account to be able to use a certain service has resulted as well to the movement of information across border. This, even as mainstream news outlets struggle to compete with citizen journalists and bloggers. Social media in politics. 2. A central challenge to governance is the need to strengthen data privacy and security measures that benefits women and allows them to better engagement online. Many joined or formed groups to keep each other updated of school activities and share common interest. As a result, its impact may not be as transformative as policy makers and educators assert. Adolescent Girls have both good and bad experiences in using Facebook. There are 60 million Facebook users in the Philippines and Filipinos spend the most hours on the social networking site, at 4 hours and 17 minutes daily, according to the HootSuite Social Management Platform. It sets the parameters as to what is considered private and public in social media.[11]. The study highlights the Philippine Supreme Court’s decision on the case of St. Theresa’s College Cebu. [9] Section 17 of the Human Security Act defines terrorism as a one that “causes widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace”. While the Philippines is not an information based society, it is very much a networked culture. In light of this, Atty. Cyber-related crimes such as violence against women and invasion of privacy have implication on jurisdiction and sometimes definition of the crime is not adequately defined or it is not defined at all. In the Philippines, interviews and FGDs with teenagers aged 10-17 revealed that most of them are in Facebook. PDF | On Mar 1, 2018, Muhammad Ahmed and others published Impact of social media on academic: A quantitative study | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It further added that a an open public account on Friendster exposes the judge to influence and pressure, and gives litigants and lawyers an open access to communicate with her especially those attempting to influence her decisions.[10]. There are nearly 2.8 billion active social media users globally, of which 2.5 billion can access their accounts on mobile devices, the study said. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Data protection and data privacy are big issues on the digital superhighway and naturally flowed in conversation with fellow mentors of the SocMed literacy program, namely Atty. Social media has clearly upended traditional institutions that human organizations will have to adapt to these changes or they will perish. [8]Supreme Court Resolution, GR No. It has also been defined as the right of a person to be free from undesired publicity or disclosure and as the right to live without unwarranted interference by the public in matters with which the public is not necessarily concerned. Privacy and Social Media Policy in the Philippines. The latest concerns over privacy stem from a Cambridge University-led study, which found that by “liking” Facebook groups or pages, users were unwittingly giving away far more about themselves than they realized. [4], The pervasive use of social media in the Philippines greatly affected the manner by which Filipinos interact and communicate. The paper highlights the Philippine Supreme Court’s decision on the case filed against St. Theresa’s College Cebu. The Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act of 2009 was passed as a response to the proliferation of intimate/private photos and videos, most notably of women, without their consent. The FGD revealed girls have both good and bad experiences in using Facebook. Social Networking in the Philippines. Social media penetration in the Philippines stood at 67% in January 2020. STC legal counsel shared this view and justified their action to discipline the students as guardian of Filipino society’s moral. Facebook identifies members of an online extended social community as “friends,” though often the social connection may be rather loose, such as a classmate or “friend of a friend.” Thus, a Facebook profile, which makes the user’s friend base visible to others, provides a means of creating and displaying the person’s social sphere. Social media are created primarily for communication, often interpersonal communication. [9] http://ojs.st-andrews.ac.uk/index.php/jtr/article/view/226/243, [10] http://pinoyspy.com/judge-ma-cecilia-austria-sexy-photos-on-friendster-account-tickles-congressman-padillas-fantasies/. Dr. Romulo Sisno, NONESCOST President who sits as chairman of the board of EPSTEMPCO and another coop based in the state college welcomed the idea. It embeds itself into the lives of users and plays many roles, providing entertainment, supporting friendships, and hosting debates. GlobalWebIndex's latest social media usage report shows that more than 40% of people use social media platforms to keep in touch with friends, making this the top reason for social media use globally.. [2] Among the available social media platforms, Filipino online users prefer using Facebook over Twitter, Tumbler, Pinterest among others, with 92% having profile and with women as the most active users. There is an inadequate communal/collective public access to ICT facilities throughout the country. The availability of multiple platforms for posting and re-posting information and the speed to which information is being shared has affected women’s privacy. Facebook also links its users to others in the same “network”, or example, a university or place of employment. “Protection of teens is a parental responsibility. The paper analyzed the case, identified legal, political and social implications of the decision. The concept of privacy is not, as we like to imagine, a universal one. The edited photo was circulated online and she started receiving demeaning comments. In addition, capacity building in the form of education and trainings for judges and lawyer is essential to help them understand gender concerns. As of this writing, there are more than 11 million Filipinos living outside the Philippines. That is, the students should read the policy and get a sense that the institution is interested in their well-being and is offering information to help them have a better online experience. Nonetheless, privacy in the context of social media is less understood and has resulted to rising cases of violations of privacy occurring in online spaces specifically in social media. Ian Vincent Manticajon. The research shows that there is no correlation between the amount of time students spend using social media and their grades. The paper aims to explore privacy in social media in two levels. The numbers have been coming in: the Philippines has one of the highest penetrations in social media, preceding Australia and Indonesia. ; and (6) Conclusion and Recommendation. Women’s ability to take advantage of social media is dependent on enabling policies and environment that takes into account their lived experiences. It identifies the primary social media platform they use, their purpose of using social media, their activities, violations/harms they experience, and their awareness of the policy and terms of use. Many are also in the habit of snacking in which one access mobile net when there is an opportunity to do so, allowing one to keep track of online behavior. According to some privacy lawyers, the Supreme Court’s decision contradicted a person’s rights to privacy and a dangerous precedent as well as it appears the court lacked understanding of the context and dynamics of social media interaction. T. (632) 7753 5584 The photos were shown by one of the Facebook friends of the girls to the school officials prompting them to ban the students from marching in their graduation rites in March 2012. The decision read that, “Without proof that they placed the photographs subject of this case within the ambit of their protected zone of privacy, they cannot now insist that they have an expectation of privacy with respect to the photographs in question.”, The decision of the court puts the burden of ensuring safeguarding privacy online users and expects them to exercise due diligence in their online dealings and activities. However, one should question the extent of authority the school has over the students. Women’s privacy is sometimes probed by others who implicitly assume that they should be more accountable for their private conduct than their male counterparts. [11]Supreme Court Resolution, GR No. The number of social media users in the Philippines increased by 5.8 million (+8.6%) between April 2019 and January 2020. New technologies bring new concerns for teachers and school administrators. Women and girls’ vulnerability to privacy problems are rooted to the perceived notion that they are inferiors, ancillaries and safe targets. Like other studies of teenagers’ social media practices, they are even happy to overshare information online. One girl who came from a broken family shared, it is also a safe space to communicate with her mom without the knowledge of her father. Do stay in contact with your students through the power of texts. It is imperative that they adequately inform users of available safety features such as privacy mechanisms. Legal professionals themselves should take an effort to understand these new technologies so that they are better guided in their decisions. The crimino-legal approach to online violations experienced by women generally looks at these online spaces as site of women’s oppression and does not consider it a space for women’s empowerment. The photos showed acts that were contrary to the school’s policy regarding students’ conduct. How do Facebook affect your life? The control over the contexts in which information is used should be emphasized because of the ease with which web content can be recycled or forwarded. The first level of the paper covers the overview of available laws, policies, jurisprudence on privacy and social media in the Philippines. If the State considers social media as public space subject to government regulation, it should also recognize and safeguard certain activities in online as an exercise of protected freedoms or as occurring within protected zones of privacy, and see to it that the prosecutorial arm does not unduly restrict this exercise. The law penalizes those who take photo or video coverage of a person or group of persons performing sexual act or any similar activity or of capturing an image of the private area of a person or persons without the latter’s consent, under circumstances in which such person/s has/have a reasonable expectation of privacy. In Facebook, everybody can track a person by just following likes and shares. [12] http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/mar/11/facebook-users-reveal-intimate-secrets, [13] http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/mar/12/privacy-facebook-lesbians-relax-online, [14] http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/1394/1312%2523, [15] The Right to Privacy in the Digital Age, Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. A range of privacy policies can be found in the Constitution, Revised Penal Code, Rules of … One lawyer shared that STC did not violate privacy of the students as the school was merely a recipient of information. News reports and anecdotal evidence revealed many cases of invasion of privacy are committed against women and girls. A regular training on women’s rights, gender perspectives and women’s issues would be valuable in their legal practice as it would give them a nuanced understanding of women’s problems and concerns, therefore, it would result to better judgement. Mobile was also a fast-growing platform, accounting for 38 percent of all Web traffic in the country, up almost a third over 2016. Many shared it facilitated group activities such as school works in which creating a Facebook group serves as a forum to discuss a certain project, providing real time feedback. People started posting comments including offensive remarks and eventually led to physical fight. social media to maximise the range of benefits it offers whilst mitigating associated risks. Internet blurs the line as to when a student is inside or outside of school. Adding, “The time I spent on Facebook is talking with friends rather than checking on privacy settings. About five to eight years ago, happenings in the social networking site hardly ever make it on mainstream media but as we all know developments in social media have been fast and furious. It also sets the parameters on when and on what premise data processing of personal information can be allowed with basic premise when a data subject has given direct consent. To cut through the social noise, you need to be aware of all relevant social media statistics in the Philippines. In some instances context aware applications force many into behavior that actually allows people to collect more information about them. The public consultation on Administrative Order (AO) on Social Media Use of the Government has reached its last stop at the Philippine Information Agency (PIA) Auditorium, Visayas Avenue, Quezon City. A woman-centered perspective on privacy is necessary because only with such a perspective can we begin to evaluate how the proliferation of social media has affected the privacy predicament. The interview conducted with parents and teachers of high school students underscored the need to use social media responsibly. The Data Privacy Act of 2012 is an act protecting individual personal information in information and communications systems in the government and the private sector. Social Media Policy At Sewickley Academy, teachers, students, staff, and other school community members use social networking/media (Twitter, Facebook, blogs, etc.) The elements of the crime are not well-defined, too vague and overboard that it endangers women’s sexual rights and freedoms. FMA is a nonprofit NGO in the Philippines seeking to democratize information and communication systems for citizens and communities. Viral circulation of private pictures and videos is a common problem in social media along with unwanted comments, sexual solicitation, obscenity and stalking. View full-text Article A range of privacy policies can be found in the Constitution, Revised Penal Code, Rules of Court and Civil Code. But they can also make you the focus of a personnel investigation or unemployed. The law also reaffirms existing laws against child pornography, an offense under Republic Act No. What are the benefits a student can get by using Social Networking Sites? SNSs are now simply part of how students interact with each other with no apparent impact on grades. In the context of social media this refers to a person’s selective control over who accesses his/her personal information, including contact information and personal communication, and control over the contexts in which the information can be used.[7]. In the Philippines, there is no specific and direct policy on social media privacy. Here—the dos and don’ts of social media for teachers. Privacy is hard to define as it is set differently in different jurisdiction. The study is presented in the following manner: (1) Scope and Methodology of the Study, (2) Privacy and Social Media Policy in the Philippines, (3) St. Theresas’s College Cebu Case, (4) Filipino Perception of Privacy, (5) Analysis: Is privacy still present in social media? The FGD covers young women’s experiences in using social media. According to the STC, the students violated the school code of conduct. Your social media accounts can make you a more inspirational teacher and a better colleague. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. There are two available jurisprudences decided by the Philippine Supreme Court dealing with privacy in relation to social media: The case involved Ma. Mercedes ... rather than learning through social media. Social media can attain many can things in terms of social good. Facebook as well has become a convenient way to stay connected with family members in distant provinces or abroad. Twitter launched in 2006. Is privacy still present in social media? But the education of teens and their parents to the growing privacy problem will require an educational effort that involves schools, social networking organizations, and government agencies.”[17], Women and Girls’ Safe Participation in Social Media. Some said they add only people they know, either they have a close relationship with the person or know them by name. However, did you ever encounter the question. Cecelia Austria, Batangas Regional Trial Court Judge, whose profile picture in Friendster was deemed inappropriate for her profession as an officer of the court. [5] This development in information and communications technology (ICT) impacted Filipinos conception of privacy. Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of Cebudailynews. How can social media be use to affect positive change? We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/DigitalAge/Pages/DigitalAgeIndex.aspx, [16] WLB’s Unpublished paper on ICT, VAW and Sexuality, [17] http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/1394/1312%2523. Social media users in the Philippines. The same can be seen in the Philippines, where youth activism – as young people have the strongest presence in Philippine social media – have taken on to both literal and virtual streets. It goes right away to one’s computer. They also post status about their relationship may it be with friends or romantic ones. In the Philippines social media has a big factor that can help a politician to known and to promote their campaign. I don’t check the time always as it takes away my Internet time for Facebooking.” Further, he shared that his lack of knowledge for privacy measures in Facebook is due to lack of regular access to Internet. Later, Atty. The pieces of information people routinely collect are location, browsing behavior, relationship status, pictures and facial recognition and contacts. The Philippines currently has a total population of 107.3 million. One gay student shared, many times his Facebook account was vandalized and hacked due to accessing it in Internet shops. The law is said to be heavily influenced by the United States’ Patriot Act, which provides tools required to intercept and obstruct terrorism. For those living in urban poor communities or rural areas, their means of access are public Internet shops where they have to pay five pesos for every 10 minutes. The impact of social media can influence people in so many ways. 202666 of 2014. The FGD surfaces as well their perspectives on privacy and their view on school’s authority to monitor social media accounts of students. From the two sections, it can be surmised that right to privacy can be defined as the right to be left alone. Facebook was launched in 2004, first as a social networking site for college students. [8] The case stemmed from students of a Catholic school who were not allowed to participate in graduation exercise due to their provocative posts in Facebook. The case stemmed from students of St. Theresa’s College who were not allowed to participate in graduation exercise due to their provocative posts in Facebook. This dual nature of online space is a fact, and a holistic policy should regard both: women’s rights in relation to ICT should be both protected from harm and promoted to enable women’s fullest exercise of their agency. A Woman-Centered Privacy Policy and Legislation. as a way to connect with others, share educational resources, log Global Studies travel experiences, create educational content, enhance the classroom experience, and network within and outside of the school community. Ian advocated that schools and business organizations formulate appropriate policies to guide students and employees in the proper and responsible use of social media platforms, whether it’s Facebook, Tweeter, Instagram, etc. MANILA, Philippines — A recent flagship report on the latest trends in social media revealed that the Philippines is the leading country that spends the most time on social media globally. Gender perspectives are significantly missing. Are they after the welfare of the students or the reputation of the school as Catholic institution? The Philippine Supreme Court ruled in favor of the school stating that nothing is ever private in Facebook. In the language of the court, “the photos, having been uploaded on Facebook without restrictions as to who may view them, lost their privacy in some way.” The court further added in its ruling that setting post privacy to ‘Friends Only’ is not an assurance that it can no longer be viewed by another user who is not Facebook friends with the source of the content. According to her, it was the friends of the students who violated the privacy. These include the right to control personal data disclosure, and the right to remedy in case this right is violated. The Constitution tries to provide provisions with regards to right to privacy under the Bill of Rights namely: (a) the right against unreasonable searches and seizures; and (b) the right to privacy of communication and correspondence. Adolescent Girls do not diligently practice privacy in Facebook. It is the right of a person to be free from undesired publicity or disclosure and as the right to live without unwarranted interference by the public in matters with which the public is not necessarily concerned. The Philippines have been called the social media capital of the world, because most of the social media users have an extraordinarily high usage time of about four hours per day. Like most counter terrorism measure, the law has been criticized to violate international certain human rights standards. Escalante City, Negros Occidental – A visit to this northern city of Negros Occidental is always pleasurable because it offers a welcome respite from the hustle and bustle of metropolitan Cebu. Social Media Policy for Students Executive Summary. In 2013, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution affirming that the rights held by people offline, must also be protected online. Over 80% of the Philippine Internet population uses social media. Affordability and Accessibility to Internet. The school’s intention of disciplining them is suspicious as well. A provocative topic that turned up in the training course came from Atty. Ensuring women’s safety and privacy online requires the involvement of all online users, Internet intermediaries, organizations, the state and the media. He said, “The computer closes before I could log out. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Everybody should have access to affordable Internet as this is a precursor to a person’s other rights such as right to information. Set in a black background that seemed to convey an ominous sense, the picture was paired with the headline news, “Facebook admits privacy settings “bug” affecting 14 million users.”, The front page story said a software glitch changed the setting of some 14 million users of the biggest social media network, “potentially making some posts public even if they were intended to be private.”. The photos, which were uploaded by one of their friends, showed the students drinking and smoking in a bar, and wearing just undergarments on a street. Majority was aware of privacy concerns in Facebook but did not see the importance of meticulously applying privacy settings in their accounts. There should also be an effective redress mechanism that allows users to report violations they experience in social networks and that women should be involved in developing such a mechanism. This attitude stemmed off from the historically unequal power relations between women and men in public and private life, patriarchy and men’s desire to control women’s sexuality. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Most of the participants use mobile phone to access Facebook, saying telecommunication companies provide promo or at times unlimited access to Facebook for a very cheap price. The court dismissed the parents’ petition and ruled that, “STC did not violate the minors’ privacy rights.” According to the court, the school cannot be faulted for being “steadfast in its duty of teaching its students to be responsible in their dealings and activities in cyberspace, particularly in [social networks], when it enforced the disciplinary actions specified in the Student Handbook, absent a showing that, in the process, it violated the students’ rights.”, The decision of the court stated that the students cannot invoke the protection attached to the right to informational privacy because the photos were seen by other STC students, who in turn showed them to the computer teacher who reported the incident to the school authorities. The Philippines, so far, had a social media penetration rate of 58 percent, higher than the average of 47 percent in Southeast Asia. There were 73.00 million social media users in the Philippines in January 2020. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. KII with lawyers covers legal perspectives of privacy in the Philippines and their limitations when applied in social media. The overview of the legal landscape of privacy in social media and the lived experiences of adolescent girls in the Philippines showed contrasting views on privacy online in the Philippines, it is either an anomaly or a human right. An Analysis of the Philippine Experience. However, there are several laws including jurisprudence that deal with privacy in general and in relation to social media. Being considered social media capital of the world, there is a need to stress for social media education and etiquette. Media Usage by Filipino Students – An Empirical Survey Ma. 'Fake news', fact-backed news and everything in between have been sprouting up in combat of each other and what was once a place for the personal has since evolved into a juxtaposition of selfies, memes, and … The KII targets lawyers whose works include handling cases involving privacy issues in the advent of information and communications technology, a case involving the use of ICT or specializing on privacy. (To be continued). Social media in our society. That means that apart from games and music students … Use them wisely. This is particularly relevant in the STC case. However, there are several laws including jurisprudence that deal with privacy in general and in relation to social media. Women and girls are punished for the act without understanding the interconnectedness of technology, privacy and violence against women. [16] Women’s privacy online is often violated and policed due to imposed modesty and chastity and to ensure that ‘women stay in their place’. As internet connections became faster and computers more powerful, social media became more popular. Their participation in the social networking site was encouraged by their friends where they connect with others, ’hang out’ and otherwise feel part of a community. Unit 203 CRM Building III, 106 Kamias Road, East Kamias 1102, Quezon City Here are some points: Get in touch with your loved ones, relatives, and friends The law has provisions that affect the right to privacy. Traditionally, the right to privacy is concisely defined as the right to be left alone. They shed their right to privacy once they enter school. The Supreme Court issued a ruling saying that nothing is ever private on Facebook, even those tagged as private never really escape public viewing, including unintended audiences. An advertising agency handling social media promotions told CNN Philippines, the running rate for content creation and promotion ranges from ₱15,000 up to ₱35,000 monthly per account. The FGD with Cebu students revealed that lack of access to ICT/internet resulted to vulnerability of young people to privacy breaches. Social Media Policy These terms ("Terms") govern the social media-based websites, accounts, pages and applications (such as Facebook and Twitter) of The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company, its subsidiaries and affiliates (collectively, "Manulife") that contain a link to these Terms (collectively, the "Sites" and individually, a "Site"). The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 was enacted to address crimes committed in cyber space and use of ICT. Viral circulation of private pictures and videos is a common problem in social media. The law is divided into 31 sections split across eight chapters, criminalizing several types of offense, including illegal access (hacking), data interference, device misuse, cybersquatting, computer-related offenses such as computer fraud, content-related offenses such as cybersex and spam, and other offenses. 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Of St. Theresa ’ s moral option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your browser only your... Our use of cookies active social media became more popular some said they add only people know..., relationship status, pictures and videos is a need too to conduct capacity-building on how law catch... Provinces or abroad, browsing behavior, relationship status, pictures and videos is precursor... Are now simply part of their Facebook account was vandalized and hacked due to accessing it in shops. Bring new concerns for teachers and school administrators allows authorities to arrest suspects... Internet shops hours a week of Filipino society ’ s intention of disciplining them is suspicious as has! Links to other resources if you wish their decisions posting comments including offensive remarks and eventually led to fight. Have both good and bad experiences in using Facebook hurt it most, the pervasive use of cookies 2012! Rights advocates, the pervasive use of social media. [ 11 ] Supreme Resolution... Http: //pinoyspy.com/judge-ma-cecilia-austria-sexy-photos-on-friendster-account-tickles-congressman-padillas-fantasies/ also have the option to opt-out of these foregoing FMA! A provocative topic that turned up in the light of these foregoing, FMA undertakes an issue to! Social networking site for College students organizations will have to adapt to these changes or will! Each other with no apparent impact on grades school ’ s policy regarding students ’.. Intuitive for them Filipinos interact and communicate of Court and Civil Code,! Certain person grabbed the photo of her former boyfriend and edited it alongside her photo a of. The two sections, it was the friends to share and use photos... Aims to offer guidance and direction on student use of cookies or place of employment in 2004 first... A week is very much a networked culture and direct policy on social,! Nowadays is an anomaly 10-17 revealed that most of them are in Facebook or as an incentive for to. May not be as transformative as policy makers and educators assert not see the importance of applying. Data disclosure, and the right to information their lived experiences about them recognizes invasion of privacy as means! One of the world, there are two available jurisprudences decided by the Philippine Supreme Court ’ s.... S rights advocates, the law also reaffirms existing laws against child pornography, an offense under Act... Pornography, an offense under Republic Act no teenagers aged 10-17 revealed that lack of access ICT/internet.

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