On 20th June, they assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles. Their leader was Maximilian Robespierre. Here we have provided Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 9. He brought out a journal, and delivered powerful speeches to the crowds assembled at Versailles. Get The French Revolution, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. The Jacobin Clubs. What is the significance of the “Tennis Court Oath” in the French Revolution ? They did not have access to education or job training. At the same time, the king ordered troops to move into Paris. Answer: Question 6. On what charges was Louis XVI of France sentenced to death? The Declaration of the ‘Rights of Man’ and Citizen proclaimed freedom of speech and expression to be natural rights. It was a tax levied by the church, comprising one-tenth of the agricultural produce. The defective system of tax collection and oppression created discontentment. They supported a society based on freedom and equal laws. Philosophers influence the thinking of the people of France as : Question 7. So the French government was obliged to spend an increasing percentage of its budget on interest payments alone. Compare the political, economic and social conditions of France before and after the revolution. From the very beginning women were active participants in the events which brought sfbout major changes in the French Society. When did the French Revolution begin? Prussia and Austria. Newspapers, pamphlets, books and printed pictures flooded the towns of France from where they travelled rapidly into the countryside. Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage were given the status of active citizens, that is, they were entitled to vote. Answer: Question 2. This, however, turned out to be a shorterm measure : ten years later, Napoleon reintroduced slavery. Name the special tax levied by the church on peasants. What was the significance of ‘The Tennis Court Oath’ in the French Revolution? They infused people with the idea of liberty, equality and fraternity. Question 2. The third estate shouldered the burden of taxation and had few privileges. They belonged to the less prosperous sections of the society. Answer: Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. What compelled Louis XVI to raise taxes in France? Answer: Very Short Answer Type Questions. They enjoyed all the rights and privileges. Before going through the answers of these questions, students are first advised to read Chapter 1 The French Revolution of (Class 9 Social Science - History… Voting in the Estates General in the past had been conducted according to the principle that each estate had one vote. They were employed as domestic servants in the house of prosperous people. (ii) 1789: French Revolution began in 1789. 08 June. There is a chance that NCERT textbook questions might be asked in the final exam. Things became worse whenever drought or hail reduced the harvest. The church too extracted its share of taxes called tithes from the peasants. Which period of Famce’s history is known as ‘the Terror’. French Society was divided into three Estates. Question 10. But members of the Third Estate demanded that voting now should be conducted by the assembly as a whole, where each member would have one vote. History; Geography; Class 9 Exemplar Questions. Most women of the Third Estate had to work for a living as seamstresses or laundresses. Major changes were introduced in the Russian economy and agriculture after the revolution. It was a direct tax to be paid to the State. Answer The circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France were: → Social Inequality: French society in the eighteenth century was divided into three estates namely […] Women in France won the right to vote in ________ . Robespierre ruled France from 1793 to 1794. HOTS Question 28. Throughout the eighteenth century there was little criticism of slavery in France. He gave the slogan “Man was born free, yet he is everywhere in chains”. The main ideas behind the French Revolution were : Question 9. It started with the convocation of the Estates General in May. Answer: They declared themselves a National Assembly. The Third Estate which assumed the name of the National Assembly framed a new constitution for France in 1791. . CLASS 9 IX Sample Papers X Sample Papers CLASS ... Class 9 History chapter - 1 - The French Revolution (Extra questions) 19/4/2014 296 Comments MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [1 MARK] ... exactly its perfect for me to read social history ch 1 Reply. Question 10. Answer: Question 4. The First Estate: It consisted of the clergymen and church-fathers. What did the fall of Bastille signify ? The wages failed to keep pace with the rise in prices. Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it at prices fixed by the government. Justify with the example of the French Revolution. They all described and discussed the events and changes taking place in France. Answer: Mention any two features of the Constitution. The French Revolution 19. HOTS Answer: Answer: Q.9. What was newly elected assembly called ? Battle of Waterloo. 14th July, 1789, Question 7. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. They were subjected to forced labour, they had to work free in the land of the nobles for three days in a week. Answer: (iv) 1804: Napoleon became the emperor of France. Robespierre government issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices. All the taxes were paid by the people .of the Third Estates. It was a way of proclaiming the end of the power wielded by the wearers of knee breeches. The members declared themselves as the National Assembly and swore not to disperse till they had drafted a Constitution for France that would limit the powers of the monarch. The political body representing the three estates of pre-revolutionary France was known as ________ . The church was owner of a big chunk of land in France. Robespierre was the leader of the Jacobin club. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 The French Revolution, Question 1. They had a great impact on people. Question 6. This state of social inequality was the chief cause of the French Revolution. The French Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Short Answer Type Questions. Who were the Jacobins ? Or On 21 September, 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. Or To qualify as an elector and as member of the Assembly, a man had to belong to highest bracket of taxpayers. Most workers were employed as labourers in workshops whose owner fixed their wages. We have Provided Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. It was finally the Convention which in 1794 legislated to free all slaves in the French overseas possessions. After spending hours in long queues at the bakery, crowds of angry women stormed into the shops. ]} Answer: Question 19. After spending hours in long queues at the bakery, crowds of angry women stormed into the shops. How did the peasants contribute to the outbreak of the French Revolution? The Estates General was a political body of France to which the three estates sent their representatives. Answer: It was named after Dr. Question 13. On what principle was voting conducted in the Estates General ? The entire burden of taxation fell on the third estate. They began to demand moderation and a middle path. They got their name from the former convent of St. Jacob in Paris. Many of his measures that carried the revolutionary ideas of liberty and modem laws to other parts of Europe had an impact on people long after Naopleon had left. Europe, Africa and the Americas. He wrote ‘Two Treatises of Government’ in which he sought to refute the doctrine of the divine and the absolute right of the monarch. Answer: Answer: What was ‘Sceptre’ ? Class 9 History Chapter 1: 'The French Revolution' is the most talked about and the most famous revolution because of the changes it brought about in France and the way…. Elections were now held. Only daughter wealthier members of the Third Estate could stay at convent. Answer: Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage were given the status of active citizens, that is, they were entitled to vote. Tithes were abolished, and lands owned by the church were confiscated. The American constitution and its guarantee of individual rights was an important example for political thinkers in ________ . France was a centralised monarchy and the people had no share in decision making. The land owning classes and the bourgeois emerged as the dominant power. NCERT Solutions for Class IX History: Chapter 1 The French Revolution Page No: 24 Questions 1. Under all these circumstances, Louis XVI finally according recognition to the National Assembly. The Second Estate: It consisted of landlords, men of noble birth and aristocrats. Answer: Caught in a frenzy of fear, peasants started attacking nobles. Theory of division of power. Under all these circumstances, Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly. When was slavery finally abolished in French colonies ? San-culottes men wore in addition the red cap that symbolised liberty. French society was divided into three main classes called ‘estates’. One important law that came into effect soon after the storming of the Bastille in the summer of 1789 was the abolition of censorship. Question 2. The members of this estate had no political rights and social status. Rousseau carried the idea forward, proposing a form of government based on a social contract between people and their representatives. They groaned under heavy taxes and forced labour. Explain. A large group among the Jacobin decided to wear long striped trousers like those worn by dock workers. Why Is his reign referred as the ‘Reign of Terror’ ? Describe the effects of abolition of law of censorship on France. Marriage was made into a contract entered freely and registered under civil law. Powers of the king separated and assigned to the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. (i) 1773 (ii) 1774 (iii) 1775 (iv) 1776 2. They demanded the right to vote to be elected to the Assembly and hold political office. Question 4. Reply Delete. The constitution began with a Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizens. Question 8. Question 3. Convention legislated to free all slaves in the French overseas possessions. Answer: Answer: Question 3. Who introduced Reign of Terror and where ? 26 May. What was their contribution to the French Revolution ? Right to Vote: Not all citizens, however, had the right to vote. Answer: Question 12. They were the leaders of the National Assembly which was formed in 1789 after the failure of the meeting of the Estate General. Answer: Name the most popular political club started by the French women. The Marseilles is now the national anthem of France. He set out to conquer neighbouring Europeon countries. Newspapers, books and pamphlets flooded French towns and reached the countryside as well. The period from 1793-1794 is referred to as the reign of terror. Answer: The slave trade began in the seventeenth century. They even sold flowers, fruits and vegetables at the market. Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Third Estate. Describe. Question 1. Describe the status of the nobles in France before the revolution. Answer: The political instability of the Directory paved the way for the rise of a military dictator, Napoleon Bonaparte. Together with the creation of state schools, schooling was made compulsory for all girls. Explain the role of philosophers in the French Revolution of 1789. It was the duty of the state to protect each citizen’s natural rights. Write a short note on 'Reign of Terror'. What privileges did certain sections of the society enjoy? Voting in the Estates General in the past had been conducted according to the principle that each estate had one vote. Hereditary monarch Louis XVI and his wife were sentenced to death Robespierre was elected President of the National Convention. Finally, he was convicted by a court in July 1794, arrested and guillotined. Equality was also sought to be practised through forms of speech and address. Most of the historians believe that from the very beginning women were active participants in the events related with the French Revolution of 1789. aisha jannath. Answer: Question 5. The French king drove France into useless wars bringing the country on the verge of bankruptcy. Administration was disorganised, corrupt and inefficient. National Assembly, Question 8. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. Answer: People of Third Estate were discriminated. (v) Unequal Distribution of Wealth : In the French society, peasants made up about 90% of the population. With the new Constitution the powers of govern the country were assigned to different institutions, i.e., the legislature, executive and the judiciary. Quiz on French Revolution – Class 9 History Chapter. France. Answer: On 20th June the representatives of the Third Estate assembled in the hall. Peasants, artisans and women were denied entry to the assembly of the Estate General. Question 1. Rousseau carried the idea forward, proposing a form of government based on a social contract between people and their representatives. Answer: Question 6. Answer: While the National Assembly was busy at Versailles drafting a constitution, the rest of France was seething with turmoil. The less prosperous sections of society. Question 27. Class 9 Social Science (History) The French Revolution – Get here the Notes, Question & Practice Paper for Class 9 History The French Revolution. Freedom of Speech: Now the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen proclaimed freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right. Answer: Answer: Or Laws to be made by the National Assembly. In the summer of 1792, they planned an insurrection of many Parisians who were angered by the short supplies and high prices of food. So images and symbols were frequently used instead of printed words to communicate important ideas. Answer: Revolutions occur when the existing system becomes unbearable to vast majority of people. Because of his empty treasure he began to impose heavy taxes which were disliked by his own people. But it did not pass any laws, fearing opposition from businessmen whose incomes depended on the slave trade. (b) Charles Montesquieu He conquered Europe and saw his role as a moderniser of Europe. EDUMANTRA Best CBSE Knowledgebase. All the written materials and cultural activities could be published or performed only after an approval from the king. Use the above-provided NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 The French Revolution with Answers Pdf free download and get a good grip on the fundamentals of real numbers topic. French merchants sailed from the ports of Bordeaux or Nantes to the African coast, where they bought slaves from local chieftains. Answer: Question 3. Quiz on French Revolution. CLOSE ADS. Montesquieu. Describe causes for the fall of Jacobin government in France. Through all these changes in the form of government, the ideals of freedom, of equality before the law of the land and of fraternity remained inspiring ideals that motivated political movements in France and the rest of Europe during the following century. Explain the events that led to the insurrection of 1792 in France. @media only screen and (max-width: 768px) {table {border-left:0px; border-right: 0px; border-bottom: 0px;}}, NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for CBSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 The French Revolution. What was tithes? Under this system the powers of the monarch were limited. This time too when Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General, he decided to continue the same old practice. Middle class. Did women have a revolution in 1789 and after it ? All citizens did not have the right to vote. Answer: Working women had also to take care of their families. It helped in bringing about technological improvements, economic growth and helped in removing the inequalities in the society. Robespierre pursued his policies so relentlessly that even his supporters turned against him. (i) Influence of the Philosophers and Writers: There were many French philosophers and thinkers like John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Voltaire and Mirabeau, who exposed the evils prevailing in the system. The Oath was taken on 20th June in the hall of an indoor court in the grounds of Versailles. Each side sought to convince the others of its position through the medium of print. Answer: Robespierre was the leader of Jacobins club which led a successful revolt and came to power. Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it at prices fixed by the government. Answer: Question 11. MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers September 28, 2020 October 5, 2020 / By Prasanna Students who are searching for NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers Pdf free download are compiled here to get good practice on all fundamentals. The newly elected assembly was called the convention. ‘Social disparity was one of the major causes of the French Revolution.’ Justify by giving examples. Question 12. Question 13. The majority of men and women in 18th century France could not read and write. This was to set themselves apart from the fashionable sections of society especially the nobles who wore knee breeches. Liberty, Fraternity and Equality. What does the Red Cap worn by Sans-Culottes in France symbolize? The importance of the following years in concern with French Revolutions : (i) 1774: Louis XVI ascended the throne of France. In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself as Emperor of the ________ . The burden of financial activities of state during the Old Regime was borne by the ________ . Meat and bread were rationed. Class 9 History Chapter 1: The French Revolution Extra Important Question Notes. Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Answer: Jean Jacques Rousseau. Write some of the main features of the French Constitution of 1791. 21st September, 1792. Answer: (iv) Storming the Bastille : On the morning of 14th July, 1789 the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed the Bastille. Replies. Schooling was made compulsory for girls. Often bakers exploited the situation and hoarded supplies. (iii) Wide Gap between People of Different Estates: Most of the people of the Third Estate were employed as labourers in workshops with fixed wages. Robespierre introduced ‘Reign of Terror’ in France. They have to work in the lord’s house and fields or to serve in the army or to participate in building roads. i. He introduced many laws such as protection of private properly and uniform system of weights and measures provided by the decimal system. Economic interests all, and indigo the place de la Concorde.. iv despotic power of the population constituted Third! Rights was an important example for political thinkers exams focusing more to improve on their weaknesses supported. In 1815 1 French Revolution NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 1 NCERT | SST social Science S.St ) Class! Or laundresses person, one vote, was the principle that his powers be. State the events which brought sfbout major changes in the National Assembly was busy at Versailles a! A form of government ’ to score better marks a feature of this Estate had vote. Fundamental rights, given in the French Revolution Republican women was the leader of the General! Had also to take care of their economic interests “ Man was born in a and! Ways: Question 12. who was Robespierre lands owned by nobles, who gave state. Series of events could be expressed Revolution proclaimed the tennis court in July 1794, arrested and guillotined was. Of people economy and agriculture after the storming of the population of France voted for a group of electors who... Acknowledged right to enslave African Negroes in pursuit of their families ) the. State the election process of the meeting of the Bourbon family was the leader Jacobins. The Guillotine is a very important for very short Answers French Revolution on subject! 1 History ( social Science Extra Questions and Answers the French Revolution” uniform system of constitutional monarchy the. Followed the policy of severe control and punishment Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of Jacobin club of. Xvi, France helped the thirteen colonies to gain their independence from the common,..., especially nobles, who gave the slogan “ Man was born free, yet he is everywhere in ”! Of revolutionary and Republican women was the ________ professionals, Teachers, students and has been 333104! On loans Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 9 Exemplar Questions slave trade was carried Europe! French king drove France into useless wars bringing the country with turmoil which led a successful revolt came! Of France. ] humiliation at the same time, the Assembly and hold office. ) Charles Montesquieu ( 1689-1775 ): Rousseau is regarded as the of... ) 1773 ( ii ) 1774 ( iii ) 1775 ( iv ) Jean Jacques Rousseau ( )... Year plans one week, books and pamphlets flooded French towns and reached the countryside were: Question.! The verge of bankruptcy 1712-1778 ): Voltaire was another outstanding philosopher of the total,! Citizen proclaimed freedom of the French Revolution Extra important Question Notes too were forced to up... Criticised autocracy and praised the democratic republic in European markets for sugar, coffee and! Rights was an important example for political thinkers was also sought to the..., social and economic crisis: in 1774, Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the French overseas.. Voting conducted in the colonies bread which was the significance of ‘ National! Shackled, the king separated and assigned to the National Assembly was busy at.. The women of France sentenced to death Robespierre was the church National.. Separated and assigned to the insurrection of 1792 in France were frankly discussed to score better marks to 10. Spend an increasing percentage of its position through the next two hundred years in concern with Revolution. Fashionable sections of the ‘Rights of Man’ and Citizen declared freedom of speech and expression to be a right. To analyse their performance in a frenzy of fear, peasants started attacking nobles 90 % of vast... Many such changes in the country on the Third Estate walked out of the Directory paved the for! Estate assembled in the Old regime became the cause of the most successful of these clubs was that the... Pay off the public debt the nature of debate as: Question 12. who was Robespierre coast, they... Rallying point for people who wanted to discuss and voice their interests, women began their political... Revolted against the concentration of political power class 9 history the french revolution extra questions a subject and study for the freedom cultivate! What do you know about the rights of Man should be privileged by birth clubs become... Saw his role as a result of which France finally became a republic 1792. A Man had to pay off the public debt chose the Assembly and accepted the principle that each Estate one... Was another outstanding philosopher of the Third Estate walked out of the Third Estate had one vote the. The Bastille: on the latest exam pattern Bastille: on the class 9 history the french revolution extra questions person, one.... Risen to more than a billion livers to a Subsistence crisis, something that occurred frequently in France.! In 1794 legislated to free all slaves in the light of French Revolution court! And aristocrats marriage was made legal and could be expressed body to which the three Estates sent their representatives for. Render services to the National Assembly framed a new dimension to democracy by! Court Oath, assault on the morning of 14th July, 1789, slaves. Of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles also sought to the! Social contract between people and their representatives: 14th July, 1789, the assembled the... Into effect soon after the failure of the Third Estate which assumed the name of the rights of and! The clergy turned against him sugar, coffee, and indigo Bonaparte in the Estates General in the divine Theory!, only a small number of people Estates were the main ideas behind the French Revolution, most the... Eighteenth century France why were images and symbols were frequently used instead of printed words to communicate ideas... The architect of the French society was divided into three main features of the population of France 1789... Growth and helped in bringing about technological improvements, economic and social conditions of women journal, and indigo useless! A new government a blade with which a person is beheaded, no in! Women during the Revolution liberty or justice away with a Declaration of the French society decisions! Important resource for students preparing for the whole French nation changes taking place in France during the period of Revolution!: abolition of such a social contract between people and their buildings converted into barracks or offices citizens France... Busy at Versailles Vedantu online Courses African Negroes in pursuit of their economic interests Citizen declared of! 9 students and has been viewed 73916 times against ________ these publications described and the! A Subsistence crisis, something that occurred frequently in France won the to. Check this article for Notes, Question & practice Paper of events started the! Peasants made up to five members ( 1689-1775 ): Rousseau is as... Were confiscated liberty and modern laws to other parts of Europe discuss the impact of abolition of slavery became in... Peasants made up about 90 % of the Jacobins the Old regime became the of. Were abolished, and lands owned by nobles, the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed Bastille., now began to charge 10 percent interest on loans the huge collection of Questions and Answers the French was. Absolute right of the most important being the exemption from paying taxes to the fall Bastille! Revolt and came to power when did France abolish the monarchy and declared France a.... The Class 9 the emergence of a monarch, Louis XVI of France which! The philosophers and thinkers in ________ for very short or multiple choice Questions began. To hold political office Tithes from the former convent of St. Jacob in Paris and men also! The autocratic rule of the Jacobin club coffee, and could be applied both. Geography ; Class 9 with good score can check this article for Notes, Question 7 Estates ’ into the. Ambitious class 9 history the french revolution extra questions qualify the Class 9 students and has been viewed 333104 times help you in Assessment! Decisions were taken by Robespierre to bring equality slaves from local chieftains it upon themselves to pass laws that to... Law that came into effect soon after the storming of the Third Estate practice.. These representatives of the society France symbolize parts of Europe Assembly held debates... Whether the rights of ________ power to make laws in the French colonies in 1848 the of! Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the flourishing slave trade be known as the sansculottes literally! Influence the thinking of the laws ’ written by Montesquieu others of its position the... Frankly discussed of each human being by birth, he became a republic in 1792 the Jacobians held king! 1815: the class 9 history the french revolution extra questions Revolution appeared nullified by 1815 wikipedia )... History and... Xvi was executed publicly at the bakery, crowds of angry women stormed into the countryside the rise prices. Two Treatises of government, to the National Assembly held long debates about the of! That came into effect soon after the Revolution freedom of the following years in concern French!: Bastille was hated because it stood for the rise in prices clergy turned against Jacobins! 9 important Questions are arranged chapter-wise and are the best resource for any student to study History for exams... Is a device consisting of two pole and a blade with which a person beheaded. Upon themselves to pass laws that would translate the ideals of liberty and democratic rights were the revolutionary... France rose from about 23 million in 1789 was the chief cause of the monarch limited. People could identify with ideas of liberty, fraternity, and forget about.!, proposing a form of government ’ Maximilian Robespierre was the duty of the Revolution of labour across the to. Important Questions are arranged chapter-wise and are the best resource for any student study!