Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Question 15. It ordered its supporters to seize the government offices and arrest ministers. Answer: (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. The Bolsheviks under their leader Lenin constituted a majority of the socialists. How far was it successful? They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise. Soldiers, mostly peasants, wished to go home for redistribution and deserted the army. Answer: Question 7. CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 2 Important Questions. (iii) Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels believed that to free themself from capitalist exploitation, workers had to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. The Mensheviks represented a minority group under the leadership of Alexander Kerenskii. Give a brief description of the Russian empire that existed in 1914. This party struggled for peasant’s rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. Question 2. Answer: Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Who was Karl Marx? Answer: Answer: Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. (iii) The miserable condition of the Russian workers aggravated the situation. Large supplies of grain were sent to feed the army. However, the Tsar dismissed the First Duma within 75 days and the re-elected second Duma within three months. Collectivisation was a policy of forced consolidation of individual peasant, households into collective farms called ‘Kolkhozes’. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 with Answers from here. Question 2. Answer: They favoured a disciplined party, to control the members and quality of its members. (ii) The Bolshevik encouraged colonial peoples to follow their experiment. It was a movement to give women the right to vote. By January 1920, the Bolsheviks succeeded in controlling most of the former Russian empire. ways: What were their political and social ideologies? But as they were not a united group, they were not considered to be part of a socialist movement started by Lenin . They opened up their minds to the need for change. Using this solution students will know all the possible questions which can come in the exam. NCERT Class 9 History Books: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes history textbooks for Class 9.The NCERT Class 9th History textbooks are well known for it’s updated and thoroughly revised syllabus. Stalin’s collectivisation policy angered the peasants. Class 8 History Chapter 2 Question Answers CBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory is given below updated for session 2020-21. There was acute employment problem among the workers. (i) In the west, armies fought from trenches stretched along eastern France. How did Karl Marx view capitalists? More attention is paid to collective social interests. Free Online MCQ Questions for Class 9 Social Science History with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Answer: (i) One of the groups that looked to change society in the nineteenth century were the liberals. Which group in Europe looked to change society? In many factories, women led the way to strikes. Question 26. Question 4. It gives an idea of what types of questions can be framed in the examination. They were also against women’s right to vote. Question 3. In this page, you can find CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science will make your practice complete. Very Short Answer Type Questions. Who condemned the Bolshevik uprising in 1918? Chapter 2 History Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Extra Questions will help you to Answer all MCQ Questions (Quiz). CBSE Class 9 Social Science Notes History Chapter 2 SST Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution will seemingly, help them to revise the important concepts in less time. Question 5. They favoured the idea of private property and its concentration in the hands of a few. What was the Second International? They also did not want the vote for women. Together with the social Democrats and Socialist Revolutionaries, they worked with peasants and workers to demand a constitution. Question 2. However, till 1914, Socialist never succeeded in forming a government in Europe. Why did Stalin introduce collectivisation and what were the consequences of his policies? Earlier, in the eighteenth century, conservatives had been generally opposed to the idea of change. As a result, many industries and banks were nationalised. However the government suppressed their agitation by imposing curfew. Answer: Question 21. Describe how socialism developed in Russia. They demanded a reduction of working hours and the right to vote. In this incident over 100 workers were killed and about 300 wounded. (iii) Rapid construction of factory sites began. The first part of the syllabus consists of chapter 1: matters in our surroundings, chapter 2: Is matter around us pure, chapter 3: atoms and molecules, chapter 4: structure of the atoms, chapter 5: the fundamental unit of life, chapter 6: tissues and chapter 7: diversity in living organisms. Answer: Which incident came to be known as ‘Bloody Sunday’? Answer: Answer: Radicals. They were paid less than men. Question 3. By the 1870s, socialist ideas spread through Europe. The government fixed all prices to promote industrial growth during the first two ‘Plans’. Answer: Question 3. Main events and effects of the February Revolution: They did want the vote for women. In the beginning it promised that it would be a representative assembly and that its approval would be necessary for the enactment of legislation. Army officials, landowners and industrialists were influential in the Provisional Government. They opposed the privileges of great land owners and wealthy factory owners. But in each country the ideas of socialism were rethought in a number of ways. But it had denied the essential freedoms to its citizens and carried out its developmental projects through repressive policies. Describe how socialist ideas spread through Europe in the nineteenth century.1 These problems were growing with the growth of towns. Or Answer: Question 1. In France, Louis Blanc wanted the government to encourage cooperatives and replace capitalist enterprises. Prices of essential commodities rose so quickly that real wages declined by 20 per cent. Question 1. How was society organised in Europe before the eighteenth century? How did the First World War affect the industry in Russia? Answer: The aristocracy and the church controlled the economic and social powers in France before the 18th century. Russia’s armies lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. Stalin introduced this system to overcome the food crisis which was rampant in the country at that time and to increase peasant labour productivity. Stalin’s collectivisation programme: We have focused on preparing you for the Class 9 exam based on CBSE syllabus. They believed in Universal Adult Franchise and supported this idea. But liberals were in favour of these privileges. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? Question 7. Scroll down for Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution from NCERT Book Class 9 History Book & important study material. Answer: Soon after the Revolution he nationalised banks and industries and declared land social property. Russia became the first communist state. Enlist the factors that led to the 1905 Revolution in Russia. (ii) They ordered land redistribution. Marx argued that industrial society was capitalist. As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essentials were shut down. For the people in cities, bread and flour became scarce. What were the drawbacks of the government in USSR that began to be highlighted in the 1950s? And Long Type Questions. How were Russian industries badly affected by the First World War? MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Why did socialists believe that private property was the root of all social ills of the time? By 1905, socialists and trade unionists formed a Labour Party in Britain and a Socialist Party in France. Log in, Concise Mathematics Class 10 ICSE Solutions 2018. So if a society as a whole rather than single individuals controlled property, more attention would be paid to collective social interests . Here you can read Chapter 2 of Class 9 Social Science (History) NCERT Book. Important questions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 named Polynomials help the students to prepare for the Class 9 Mathematics Examination. Armies moved a good deal and fought battles leaving large casualties. (i) Russia’s own industries were few in number and the country was cut off from other suppliers of industrial goods by German control of the Baltic Sea. Question 2. Answer: It brought men, women and children to factories. This caused acute food crisis in the country. The Bolshevik government came in power in 1917 under the leadership of Lenin. Answer: The Tsar changed the voting laws and packed the Duma with conservative politicians who never questions his (Tsar’s) authority. Mention one difference between liberals and radicals. This Note contains important dates and events of all chapters of class 9 history for exam point of view. Workers were a divided group. All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. It was an elected Consultative Parliament of Russia. Answer: CBSE Important Questions for Class 9 Science play an important role in students preparation. Question 15. (ii) By 1916, railway lines began to break down. There was heavy fighting especially in Moscow. They wanted to work for Revolution. In Germany, these associations worked closely with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and helped it win parliamentary seats. He did not want any questioning of his authority or any reduction in his power. They were backed by French, American, British and Japanese troops. This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. As a result, trenches proved less effective. (i) The year 1904 was a particularly bad one for Russian workers. Our History experts give you accurate answers to questions for all these … Who was Rasputin? We have Provided Rulers and Buildings Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. Or However, because of government policy, it had to operate as an illegal organisation. 1 CBSE Class 12 History – Important Questions. Answer: This was a direct blow on the Tsarist power which ultimately collapsed. What were its consequences? Peasants were not happy with Stalin’s collectivisation programme because their land had been taken away to establish state-controlled large farms. The secret police punished those who criticised the Bolsheviks. Answer: Question 10. In the city of Magnitogorsk, the construction of a steel plant was achieved in three years. He declared that the war be brought to a close, land be transferred to the peasants, and banks be nationalised. Question 30. Answer: It was a war started by Germany during the Second World War, which resulted in the mass murder of selected groups of innocent civilians of Europe. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. They saw private property as the root of all social evils of the time. So, they (socialist revolutionaries) kept themselves active to protect the peasants’ interests. They campaigned to end the poor state of affairs in their country. twentieth century, it was recognised that socialist ideals still enjoyed respect among the people across the world. The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farms. Since land was declared social property, So peasants began to seize the land of the nobility. Question 17. Question 3. Some were poor while others were rich. Social democrats disagreed with socialist revolutionaries about peasants. (Imp) Download NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST: Here we are providing NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST with Solutions Answers Chapter Wise Pdf free download of History, Geography, Civics, Economics. Or The party was divided over the strategy of organisation. Answer: Question 8. On 25 February, the government suspended the Duma. This resulted in the breaking up of the Russian army. So they wanted to change the society. (i) Tsar’s Autocratic rule was not tolerable now. Question 2. These Extra Questions with solution are prepared by our team of expert teachers who are teaching … The procession of workers led by Father Gapon reached the Winter Palace. It was carried out by the Soviet Government in the late 1920s – early 1930s. There were over 7 million casualties by 1917. The Duma: Were the people in the eighteenth century—Europe in favour of a complete transformation of society? Here you can get Revision Notes for Class 9 Social Science. They wanted a nation which tolerated all religions. Describe how Petrograd led the February Revolution of 1917 that brought down the monarchy in Russia. They set up funds to help members in times of distress. A Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet to organise the seizure. Extra Questions Worksheet for CBSE Class 9 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 2 nd Chapter History. They accepted that some change was inevitable but believed that the past had to be respected and change had to be brought about through a slow process. Question 4. Hence, they could not be part of a socialist movement. Some believed in the idea of cooperatives, others felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. How were the Bolsheviks different from the Mensheviks? Craftsmen undertook much of the production, but large factories existed alongside craft workshops. They did not believe in universal adult franchise. Question 5. (iv) Although the international reputation of the USSR as a socialist country declined by the end of the . Answer: They believed in gradual change and establishment of a parliamentary form of government like that of France and Britain. 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Between 1929 and 1931, the number of cattle fell by one-third. Why were some people in the Bolshevik Party initially surprised by it? Thus, on one hand, the party stood for socialism and for change and so many welcomed it but on the other hand, the party encouraged censorship which disillusioned many. (i) Some believed in the idea of cooperatives. Answer: (ii) Other socialist felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. What was Duma? Socialists were active in the countryside through the late nineteenth century. You can practice the questions and check your answers from the solutions given after question question34s. Or Students can get Class 9 Social Science NCERT Solutions, CBSE Class 9 Social Science Important Extra Questions and Answers designed by … Answer: On 22 February, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank of the river Neya.On 23 February, workers in fifty factories called a strike in sympathy. Dec 18, 2020 - Important Questions : Nazism and the Rise of Hitler, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. When did the socialist took over the government in Russia? Question 2. Answer: What values are associated with socialism? (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. Students can download Class 10 History Chapter 2 The Extension of the British Rule Important Questions, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Social Science Important Questions and Answers helps you to revise the complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. Duma, an elected consultative Parliament, was created by the Tsar of Russia during the 1905 Revolution. The eastern front was mainly Russia and it was colder. Why did Russia lose its International reputation as a socialist country by the end of the twentieth century? Which incident sparked the French Revolution? Labour was made compulsory for all. After September 1914 the front remained relatively unchanged until the end of the war in 1918. The food supply situation turned even worse in subsequent years because production did not increase immediately. However, Prime Minister Kerenskii had already left the city to arrange for the troops. In the empire, cultivators produced for the market as well as for their own needs and Russia was a major exporter of grain. He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. This incident came to be known as Bloody Sunday. How were peasants treated who resisted his programme? Land and other means of production were declared the property of the entire nation. Or Radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. (iii) Political conditions: Politically too Russia was a backward country. What were the three things that Lenin wanted to do after he returned to Russia in April 1917 from his exile? Most were innocent of the crimes, but no one spoke for them. Or Answer: It set up a newspaper, mobilised workers and organised strikes. But the nineteenth century, they accepted that some change was inevitable but believed that the past had to be respected and change had to be brought about through a slow process. There were several reasons behind it: (i) The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. You can also find Social Science Class 10 Important Questions With Answers Pdf from the year 2010 to 2020 CBSE board exams. Rasputin was a wondering peasant who eventually exerted a powerful influence over Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra, the last Tsar and Tsarina of Imperial Russia. (i) Karl Marx was a great socialist who wanted to eliminate the very concept of private property because it was the root of all social evils of the time. The Military Revolutionary Committee acted swiftly. Answer: What aggravated workers’ condition in February 1917? Answer: At that time the majority religion of Russia was Russian Orthodox Christianity. Answer: Military commanders advised the Tsar to abdicate. He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. Trade unions were kept under party control. Socialist wanted this change and campaigned for it. Question 17. How did Karl Marx want to empower the workers? Lawyers, doctors, engineers and other middle class workers established the Union of Unions and demanded a Constituent Assembly. Question 32. Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. It angered the whole Russia. Answer: On this page, you will find NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 2 Notes Pdf free download. (iv) The incident of Bloody Sunday made the situation worst. Many people in the Bolshevik Party were initially surprised by the April theses. The Russia Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in 1898 by socialists who were inspired by Marx’s ideas. The date of event was kept a secret. (ii) They wanted to safeguard the rights of individuals against government. A communist society was the natural society of the future. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body which came to be known as the Second International. How were the critics of planned economy and collectivisation treated by Stalin’s and his sympathizers? The February revolution was not led by any political party but people themselves led it. (ii) Economic conditions: Before 1905, the vast majority of Russia’s people were agriculturists. Answer: Russian army lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. What was the Petrograd Soviet? In what ways was the working population in Russia different from other countries in Europe, before … Marx believed that to free themselves from capitalist exploitation, workers had to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. The condition of workers in Russia was deplorable. What different visions of the future had socialists? Why did the Kerenskii Government in Russia fall? What conditions led to the civil war in Russia in 1918-1920? The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised during the civil … These peasants were severely punished. Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. All these topics are included in CBSE chapter wise important questions of class 11 History . He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. He was an Italian nationalist who worked for the unification of Italy and led the Italian revolutionary movement. (All India 2017) or Explain any four sources to reconstruct the history of Mauryas, Examine the system of Mauryan administration. How was Kerenskii’s Provisional Government overthrown by the Bolsheviks in October 1917? Many were deported and exiled. Or This would be a communist society. Other vessels sailed down the river Neva and took over various military points. Question 13. Question 4. Answer: An elected consultative Parliament or Duma was created. Lenin was the leader of the radical socialist Bolshevik movement that toppled the Tsarist regime in 1917 and head of the first government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Now he felt it was time for Soviets to take over power. One day, four members of this association were dismissed at the Putilov Iron Works. In Russia, the First World War (1914 – 1918) was initially popular and people showed faith in Tsar Nicholas II by rallying around him. Positive aspects: Question 6. Class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 has the highest weightage and is the most important chapter. What triggered civil war in Russia? 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Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Allied Powers → D. France, E. England, F. Russia, G. Ameriea (USA). The Russian peasants formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900, This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist. Frustrated workers could not sit idle. They were also in favour of private property but disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. Question 14. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body called the Second International. Answer: (ii) When four members of the Assembly of Russian workers, which had been formed in 1904, were dismissed at the Putilov Iron works, there was a call for industrial action. Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Karnataka SSLC Class 10 Social Science History Important Questions Chapter 2 The Extension of … They disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. Workers had no facility of housing and sanitation. All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. The majority religion was Russian Orthodox Christianity but the empire also included Catholics, Protestants, Muslims and Buddhists. Important questions, guess papers, most expected questions and best questions from 11th History have CBSE chapter wise important questions with solution for free download in PDF format. He changed the voting laws and packed the third Duma with conservative politicians, liberals and revolutionaries were kept out. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The French Revolution. At dawn, pro-government military men seized the buildings of two Bolshevik newspapers. He wanted the war to be brought to a close, land to be transferred to the peasants, and banks to be nationalized. Late in the day, the ship Aurora shelled the Winter Palace. (i) One of the groups that looked to change society in the nineteenth century were the liberals. However, socialists cherished different visions of the future. It also develops skills for miscellaneous questions which are generally neglected by students. Question 12. (iii) Lenin was against the provisional government because it supported landlords, industrialists and army officials In October 1917, he persuaded the Petrograd Soviet and the Bolshevik party to agree to a socialist seizure of power. (iii) Large suppliers of grain were sent to feed the army. Question 18. The Petrograd Soviet was established in March 1917 after the February Revolution as a representative body of the city’s workers and soldiers. The uprising began on 24 October. Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Answer: Question 1. Who controlled economic and social powers before the 18th century in France? Socialists argued that individuals own the property that gave employment but the men with property were concerned only with personal gain and not with the welfare of those who made the property productive. Question 22. But Stalin’s collectiviasation programme did not bring the desired results. CBSE Class 9 Maths Important questions will help you to score well in the class examinations as well as to prepare for the upcoming board examinations. The fourth Duma was also of limited political influence. His efforts brought down the Tsarist regime in Russia and freed people from his (Tsar’s) corruption. So peasants, not the workers, would be the main force of revolution; and Russia could become socialist more quickly than other countries. (iii) Some received education in the USSR’s Communist University of the Workers of the East. Peasants worked on the land, and the kolkhoz profit was shared. Question 11. Or Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. What do you know about his ‘April Theses’? Question 10. It stretches to the Pacific and comprised today’s Central Asian states, as well as Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Industrialisation changed the lives of people in Europe in the following ways: Question 20. Question 2. So, when they came to power, they began working in this direction. Demonstrating workers crossed from the factory quarters to the centre of the capital—the Nevskii Prospekt. There chapter wise Practice Questions with complete solutions are available for download in myCBSEguide website and mobile app. The membership of workers’ associations rose dramatically. The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farm. But there was unity among them. What was the collectivisation policy of Stalin? Socialists had different visions of the future: Question 8. There were Several factors that led to the Russian Revolution in 1905 They could go on a strike when they disagreed with employers about dismissals or work conditions. This ended the exploitation of the poor by the hands of the capitalists and landlords. Several among them were talented professionals. Contents. They favoured a party which was open to all and to work within the system. Colonists brutally massacred local nationalists in the Russian population earned their living from agriculture, and. Nevskii Prospekt are a total of 15 chapters in CBSE Class 9 Social Science but themselves! To all history chapter 2 class 9 important questions to increase peasant labour productivity a Communist society was.. Answers were Prepared based on the latest exam pattern a steel plant was achieved in three years 1904 was backward. Not one united group city to arrange for the fall of the capital—the Nevskii Prospekt throughout country. 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