Warspying: detecting and viewing wireless video; usually done by driving around with an x10 receiver. VoIP Spam: the proliferation of unwanted, automatically-dialed, pre-recorded phone calls using Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). As such, systems that generate e-mail backscatter can end up being listed on various DNSBLs and be in violation of internet service providers’ Terms of Service. bypass -- a flaw in a security device. Internet Bots: also known as web robots, WWW robots or simply bots, are software applications that run automated tasks over the Internet. Cybercrime, also called computer crime, the use of a computer as an instrument to further illegal ends, such as committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and intellectual property, stealing identities, or violating privacy. In reality the scammers make off with the money and the mark is left with nothing. Contraction of the term “web log.” Bot: A software robot that performs automated tasks. Find more ways to say cyber, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Hacker: someone involved in computer security/insecurity, specializing in the discovery of exploits in systems (for exploitation or prevention), or in obtaining or preventing unauthorized access to systems through skills, tactics and detailed knowledge. The term is a portmanteau of the words malicious and software. A cybercrime is any offense which involves a computer or computing device. A shareware program is accompanied by a request for payment, and the software’s distribution license often requires such a payment. Backscatter (also known as outscatter, misdirected bounces, blowback or collateral spam): a side-effect of e-mail spam, viruses and worms, where email servers receiving spam and other mail send bounce messages to an innocent party. However, as the Morris worm and Mydoom showed, the network traffic and other unintended effects can often cause major disruption. DMZ. Essentially, if you blink, you're likely already out of touch. Adware: or advertising-supported software is any software package which automatically plays, displays, or downloads advertising material to a computer after the software is installed on it or while the application is being used. Malware: software designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without the owner’s informed consent. | Tek Bull, The Evolution Of Digital Forensics | Pursuit Magazine, Wanted fugitive logs onto sheriff’s Facebook page to ‘troll’ (and then gets caught) | Private Investigator News, 2012, the year for more IT security flaws? The term “phreak” is a portmanteau of the words “phone” and “freak”. Joe Job: a spam attack using spoofed sender data. Bot: A software robot that performs automated tasks. Zombie computer (often shortened as Zombie): a computer attached to the Internet that has been compromised by a hacker, a computer virus, or a Trojan horse. Although the means to, motives for, and targets of a DoS attack may vary, it generally consists of the concerted, malevolent efforts of a person or persons to prevent an Internet site or service from functioning efficiently or at all, temporarily or indefinitely. Often, they are also Trojans as well, thus fooling users into believing they are safe to run on their systems. Piggybacking:  a term used to refer to access of a wireless internet connection by bringing one’s own computer within the range of another’s wireless connection, and using that service without the subscriber’s explicit permission or knowledge. Cybercrime is any crime which is carried out using information technology or which targets information technology. Rootkit: a program (or combination of several programs) designed to take fundamental control (in Unix terms “root” access, in Windows terms “Administrator” access) of a computer system, without authorization by the system’s owners and legitimate managers. Cybercrimes: offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS). Defining “Cyber Crimes”. Shareware has also been known as “try before you buy”. Vishing: is the criminal practice of using social engineering and Voice over IP (VoIP) to gain access to private personal and financial information from the public for the purpose of financial reward. AirDrop is the primary medium for cyber-flashing. Social engineering: the art of manipulating people into performing actions or divulging confidential information. Pod Slurping: the act of using a portable data storage device such as an iPod digital audio player to illicitly download large quantities of confidential data by directly plugging it into a computer where the data is held, and which may be on the inside of a firewall. Cybercrime definition is - criminal activity (such as fraud, theft, or distribution of child pornography) committed using a computer especially to illegally access, transmit, or manipulate data; also : an instance of such activity. This is one main reason for controversy. Nigerian 419 Fraud Scheme (or an advance fee fraud): a confidence trick in which the target is persuaded to advance relatively small sums of money in the hope of realizing a much larger gain.[. Address Munging: the practice of disguising, or munging, an e-mail address to prevent it being automatically collected and used as a target for people and organizations who send unsolicited bulk e-mail address. Generally, a compromised machine is only one of many in a Botnet, and will be used to perform malicious tasks of one sort or another under remote direction. Blog: An online journal. Spyware programs can collect various types of personal information, such as Internet surfing habit, sites that have been visited, but can also interfere with user control of the computer in other ways, such as installing additional software, redirecting Web browser activity, accessing websites blindly that will cause more harmful viruses, or diverting advertising revenue to a third party. While the most widely recognized form of spam is e-mail spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media: instant messaging spam, Usenet newsgroup spam, Web search engine spam, spam in blogs, wiki spam, mobile phone messaging spam, Internet forum spam and junk fax transmissions. The AirDrop icon. Login: A username and password used to identify an individual attempting to gain access to a restricted page or network. 2015-BE-BX-0011 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. [click here for evidence]) Cyberspace. [citation needed] Groups of these people are often called tiger teams. Access is gained while the computer is unattended. The victim is often unaware that VoIP allows for caller ID spoofing, inexpensive, complex automated systems and anonymity for the bill-payer. Bluejacking: the sending of unsolicited messages over Bluetooth to Bluetooth-enabled devices such as mobile phones, PDAs or laptop computers. 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